Abolition of Untouchability Online

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Abolition Of Untouchability

Untouchability highlights the importance of discrimination against people and groups depending on their caste and the occupations they perform. Untouchability has been performed for many years. It is centered on the Indian caste system. The untouchables are frequently subjected to inhuman treatment because they are from a lower social class. They have been exposed to various types of intolerance in practically every setting.


Strong Record Of Untouchability In India


The term Dalit, which meaning shattered or wretched in Sanskrit, is used to describe untouchables. Some people seem to believe that the untouchable caste only exists in India, although it also persists in Japan, Tibet, and Korea. The caste system relies on Vedic writings that split people into four major categories: Brahmans – Priests and Elites, Kshatriyas – Warriors, Vaishyas – Small Businessmen and Merchants, and Shudras – Hygiene Laborers. As a result, disparities in ancient India's population were primarily centered on caste and occupation.


Fight For Abolishing Untouchability


After years of struggling to maintain authority over the downtrodden, the concept of untouchability continues to exist in many societies today. Even educated individuals engage themselves in these types of behaviours. You can use rate my paper tool which effectively maintains the quality of your homework assignments.


Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi were two of the most notable personalities who campaigned tirelessly to end the practise of untouchability. As a consequence of their hard effort, the Dalits were given a fair chance to show themselves, increasing the possibilities of equity, harmony, and fraternity in society.


Ratification In Constitution


Following various movements and fights to stop the practice of untouchability, laws were enacted in the constitution to protect the oppressed classes' interests. Untouchability was outlawed and designated a criminal offence under Article 17 of the Indian Constitution. No one can prevent Dalits or Harijans from visiting temples, roads, vehicles, or other public places. They have the right to use all government services in a respectful and dignified manner. Furthermore, no one can stop selling anything to the Dalits. Fast paper help by Essaygator.com adheres to some exclusive measures to maintain high standards of assignments.


These castes are also given reservations by the government. Reservation refers to the allocation of a fixed rate of seats in educational institutions and workplaces to people from lower socioeconomic groups. As an outcome, it guarantees that their tyranny in the past has no bearing on their current and future prosperity. The reservation also intends to give them a fair shot at learning, which will benefit them, their families, and future generations to live in a peaceful manner.


The Harijan Movement


Mahatma Gandhi coined the phrase "Harijan," which literally means "children of God." The downtrodden classes, also known as Dalits, were commonly referred to by this phrase. This was a tumultuous movement countering societal inequality between specific castes. In 1933, the campaign was formally launched. It was a nine-month-long struggle focused at winning lower-class people's social, cultural, and political rights. Several types of violent activities were also perpetrated by numerous fraudulent groups as a result of the start of this movement.


Present Day’s Untouchability Scenario


Untouchability is viewed differently today than it was in ancient times. People have become more aware of their surroundings and adjusting to logical discourse. Untouchability and caste inequality continue to exist in society, notwithstanding political amendments. Politicians take use of this to expand their voter base and win influence in government.


When opposed to those residing in rural communities, Dalits in cities are less exposed to discrimination. People living in rural areas prefer to hold on to their outdated beliefs and customs, refusing to acknowledge improvements that would benefit society.


What Are The Constitutional Safeguards?


The Indian Constitution provides security and protections for the lower castes through broad citizenship rights with the goal of advancing their socioeconomic concerns and eradicating some disadvantages they face. The untouchables have the necessary constitutional protections.


  • Article 15

The government shall not bias against any person solely on the basis of faith, class, colour, sex, or birthplace, or any combination of these factors. No individual shall be subjected to any impairment, responsibility, or limitation based solely on religion, caste, race, sex, or place of birth, or any number of other conditions such as (a) Shops, public eateries, hotels, and public areas amusement are all accessible or (b) Wells, reservoirs, water taps,' bathing ganges, cemetery or cremation grounds, any hygienic convenience,' roadways and public places resort managed totally or substantially with State funds or committed to the general people's use.


  • Article 16

In areas of fair employment or nomination to any position under the Government, all individuals shall have equal chance. No individual should be ineligible for or biased against in any employment or office under the State solely on the basis of religion, caste, race, sex, descent, birthplace, residency, or any number of other conditions.


  • Article 17

Untouchability is outlawed, and any manifestation of it is prohibited. Any limitation imposed as a result of untouchability is a criminal offence penalized according to the law.


  • Article 25

The opening of Hindu religious groups with a public character to Hindus of all professions and segments.


  • Article 29

The prohibition or rejection of admittance to state-run academic institutions or of obtaining assistance from state funding.


  • Article 46

The Government shall foster the economic and educational aspirations of the weaker segments of the community, particularly the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, and safeguard them from unfairness and abuse in all forms.


  • Article 164

Notwithstanding, however, that a Minister in Charge of Tribal Welfare shall be appointed in the states of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Orissa, who may also be in command of the welfare of Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes or any other job.


  • Article 330

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, with the exception of Tribal Communities in Assam's tribal territories and Scheduled Tribes in Assam's cellular functions, would have special provisions in the Lok Sabha.


  • Article 332

In every State's Legislative Council, places for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes must be protected.


  • Article 335

In scheduling recommendations to professions and positions in relation to the sale of the Union or a State, the interests of individuals of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes must be taken into consideration, consistent with the conservation of administrative efficiency.


  • Article 338

The President will appoint a designated official to represent the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. The specialized officer's responsibility under this legislation is to investigate all concerns relevant to protections for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and at such occasions as the President may specify, report to the President on the effectiveness of those protections, and the President shall compel all such findings to be presented during each house of Parliament.


  • Article 340

The President shall appoint a Commission to evaluate the incident of the socially and educationally disadvantaged sections.


The 1955 Untouchability Offences Act


The Untouchability Offences Act was introduced by Parliament in 1955 to put an end to untouchability. It became effective on June 1, 1955. The following activities are punishable under this Act:


  • Keeping an individual from attending a location of religious prayer, giving prayers there, or drinking water from a holy reservoir, well, or fountain because of their untouchability.
  • Trying to enforce various forms of social discrimination, such as barring entrance to any store, public restaurant, public medical or educational institution, hotel, or other public area of amusement limiting access to any road, river, well, tank, water tap, bathing ghat, burial ground, hygienic facility, ‘dharmasalas,' ‘sarai,' or ‘musafirkhana,' or the utensils maintained in such institutions, hotels, and restaurants.
  • Implementing vocational, technical, or industrial impairments, as well as learning difficulties affecting the consumption of any charity benefit, the development or possession of any private residence in any location, or the adherence of any cultural or religious custom or ritual.
  • Refusing service commodities or render duties to a Harijan because he is a Harijan, or for assaulting, damaging, or disturbing a person, or for organising a blockade of or participating in the condemnation of an individual who has claimed the right granted to him by the elimination of untouchability.


After being amended in 1976, the Untouchability Offence Act of 1955 was superseded by the Protection of Civil Rights Act. The Bill, which was enacted in the Rajya Sabha on September 2, 1976, and then in the Lok Sabha, envisaged harsh punishments for anyone who actually practiced untouchability. It aimed to make deliberate negligence on the part of the examining officials of untouchability complaints equate to elimination.


The provision is also intended to serve as a deterrence to those who commit untouchability violations. The act makes it illegal to force someone to scrounge, clean, dispose of corpses, fly animals, or cut umbilical cords. All untouchability crimes are no longer compoundable, and they can now be tried summarily if the punishment is less than three months.


In the perspective of the law, everyone is equal.We would not bias against or oppress others depending on their caste. We must instil in our youngsters the values of sensitivity, compassion, and fairness for all. The Dalits experience discrimination mostly as a result of their occupations, which include sweeping public places and other such tasks.

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