A Comprehensive Guide To AMA Referencing
If you explore the Internet, you will find that many students struggle to comprehend the AMA citation format. As a result, they are unable to cite traditional and non-traditional sources as per the guidelines. If you are one of those students, you will get a detailed insight into AMA format in-text citation, basic formatting of AMA papers and the referencing styles.
What is the AMA Citation Format?
Let us first start by understanding the AMA citation format. The AMA format citation is extensively used in medical research and papers. The American Medical Association's AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors is the source of this information (10th Edition).
In this style of referencing, one must consult the primary source. Usually, when students are unable to cite a particular source, they take the help of an AMA format citation generator. Citation in AMA format is simple if you know the basic rules and formatting styles.
What Type of Referencing is AMA?
In this section, we will take a look at what type of referencing is AMA. The AMA referencing style is just a variation of the Vancouver system used by publications like the AMA and the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).
The AMA style is a documentary-note style, which means you use numbers to identify sources of information in your text, and the reference list is organized numerically.
What Are the Rules for Citing Sources in AMA?
Here, we will get to know the general rules of AMA formatting.
Citation in the Body of the Paper
Along with the basic rules for AMA citation, you will also get to know the rules regarding punctuation marks.
Use superscript Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3,...) to cite each source in numerical order. You have to place the numerals outside periods and commas and inside colons and semicolons. For several citations, use a comma (no space) between the numbers (refer to Example 2). Using a hyphen, join a closed series (see Example 3).
Example 1: The WHO has completed a review of regulations. 15
Example 2: The information was as follows: 3,4:
Example 3: As already stated, 11-14,25
Next, we will take a look at the rules of references in the AMA Bibliography, or how do we cite sources in the reference list.
Citations in the Referencing List
At the end of your paper, you should create a new page for the references list. The heading "References" should appear on the page. You must number the references in the order in which the borrowed facts or ideas occur in your paper's text.
To put it in another way, the superscript number you use in the text of your work to identify a borrowed piece of information or idea should match the number of the related reference in the list at the end of your paper. Your references list should be single-spaced and without indentation.
The idea will become clear when we take a look at a few examples.
What is the Basic Formatting of AMA Papers?
In this section, we will delve into the basic formatting of AMA papers.
Margins: You must keep one-inch margins around the text. And you should leave the right margin unjustified.
Line Spacing: You should double-space the main text (single space only within the abstract, notes, titles and headings, block quotes, tables and figures, and references)
Font: Employ Times New Roman, 12-point font
Indents: The standard is half-inch indent for new paragraphs
Page Numbers: You must position the page numbers in the top right-hand corner throughout
Page Headers: You should keep the title of your document in the top left-hand corner of the page
Title Page: Your title page should be the first blank page of your document. And it should contain:
- Title of document
- Your name
- The instructor’s name
- Course title
- Due date
Hopefully, you have understood the AMA citation style formatting of papers.
What is the AMA Citation Format During In-texting?
Now, we will take a look at few examples of AMA format in-text citation.
Indirect Quotation (Citation after period, comma)
Although the house was said to be built on solid ground, 33 several observers believed the location was vulnerable to landslides. 34,35,36
Direct quotation (citation after quotation mark)
“The house was built on solid ground,” 37 the engineer declared.
Indirect quotation (citation before the semicolon, after a period)
The engineer claimed the house was built on solid ground 38, but the spectators were skeptical. 39, 40,41
If you wish to know more about in-text citation format, you ought to read further examples.
How to Cite Various Sources in AMA?
To understand how to cite sources in the referencing list, we will take a look at certain examples.
Author AA. Title of Work. Location: Publisher; Year: Page-Page
Rosewood, Cynthia. Best Tips for Nurses. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau International; c2019:33-34.
Seven or More Authors
Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, et al. Title of Work. Location: Publisher; Year: Page-Page.
Richards TL, Wade PW, Shorts JW, et al. Midwifery & Child Nursing Care. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education; c2020:101-103.
One to Six Authors
Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of article. Abbreviated Journal Title. Year; Volume (Issue): Page-Page.
Michaels IU. Nursing Routines and Health Care. Medsurg Nursing. 2020;21(1):16-36.
Author AA. Title of Report. URL. Published/Updated/Revised date. Accessed date
International Monetary Fund. Economic Downfall amid Covid. http://www.imf.org/external/iefh/wdf78. Published August 16, 2020. Accessed September 2, 2021
Conference Papers or Proceedings
Presenter AA. Title of paper or presentation. Poster or Paper presented at: Title of the Conference; Month Day, Year; Location. URL. Accessed date.
Christian C. Dan: An active research tool. Poster presented at: ABC International Nursing Research Conference; April 23, 2019. Washington, USA http://www.rcn.org.usa/_data/assets/pdf_file/0005/445802/Research2012Mo01.pdf. Accessed September 23, 2020
Theses or Dissertations
Author AA. Title of Work. [dissertation or master’s thesis]. Location: Institution; Year: Page-Page.
Nielsen PM. Hospital Planning. [Ph.D. Thesis]. Burnaby, BC: British Columbia Institute of Technology; 2019
Author AA. Webpage title. Name of Website. URL. Published or Updated date. Accessed date. (Author)
Webpage title. Name of Website or Organization. URL. Published or Updated date. Accessed date. (Organization)
Advanced Nursing Courses. Nursing Updates and News. https://www.crnbc.ca/ ANC/Pages/Default.aspx. Published 2019. Accessed September 23, 2020
Hopefully, you have understood how to cite sources in the reference list.
Also Read : What Is The Difference Between MLA & APA?
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